Although the UK’s official religion is Christianity, the UK is a multi-faith society where other religions are widely welcomed.
In the UK, it is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of their race, nationality, or religion. You will be respected for your own beliefs and will be expected to respect other people’s beliefs in return. Find out more on the gov.uk website.
According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) 2001/2011 census for England and Wales:
- Around 33 million people describe themselves as Christian. This includes Protestants, Catholics, Methodists and Baptists and other groups.
- The other main religious groups include Islam (2,750,566 people), Hinduism (823,022), Sikhism (429,949), Judaism (270,159) and Buddhism (255,106).
- 14.1 million people said they do not follow a religion.
In the UK, it is common for people to wear their chosen religious dress (e.g. a head covering, long skirts, etc.) and to observe religious festivals, such as Christmas, Eid, Diwali or Hanukkah.
In large towns and cities across the UK, you will find churches, mosques, temples, synagogues, gurdwaras and other places of worship for all the major faiths.
In small towns, you may find only Christian churches. However, the UK is a small country and you are never far from a large city.
Public places such as hotels, hospitals and airports often have prayer rooms that anyone can use, as do most schools, colleges and universities. Your school, college or university may also have a religious social group, where you can worship with other students.